Quebec’s Act respecting end-of-life care (Bill 52) is intended to permit physicians, in defined circumstances, to kill their patients as part of the redefined practice of medicine. However, the procedure cannot become part of medical practice in Quebec unless the medical profession itself (broadly speaking) formally accepts it as a form of health care. The Protection of Conscience Project has prepared this detailed analysis of what the passage of Bill 52 could mean for freedom of religion and conscience for health care providers.